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Madurai Mutton Salna


  • Chili powder-2tsp, coriander powder-2tsp
  • Powdered Pepper-2tsp, cumin(jeera)-2 tsp , fennel (sombu)-1tsp, turmeric powder- half tsp
  • Coarsely grounded Cinnamon-1″, Cardamom-2, Clove-4, Star anise (annasi poo)-1, 1″ Ginger, 15 no garlic cloves, bay leaf-2, black stone flower(kalpasi)-3 pieces, nutmeg powder 1 pinch
  • Groundnut oil-100 ml
  • Small/big onion-300g
  • Finely chopped tomatoes-100g
  • Split Green chili-6 no
  • Thinly sliced Mint leaves, coriander leaves, curry leaves
  • Mutton pieces-750
  • Paste 100g coconut, 50g groundnut, 50g fried-gram
  1. Heat oil in a pressure cooker, add onion, green chili and saute for one minute, add bay leaf, kalpasi, cinnamon, clove.
  2. Saute for two minutes, add ginger, garlic and saute till raw smell goes off. Add tomatoes, onions, mint, coriander leaves and saute for two minutes and add mutton pieces and saute for five minutes.
  3. Stir well, add curry leaves, pepper, cumin, fennel seed and turmeric powders and mix well.
  4. Add chili, coriander powder, curry mix, salt and mix well. Add hot water and pressure cook for 6 or 7 whistle. Release the steam and open the cooker, add coconut paste, coconut milk and cook for five minutes. Add nutmeg powder and coriander leaves and remove from stove.

Salna goes well with parota, rice, idli, dosa, bread, chapatti etc

Note: How to make Curry Mix Powder:

Dry roast, in slow flame, 2 red chili, 2 tsp coriander seed, 1tsp dhoor dhall, 1tsp channa dhall, 10 curry leaves, half tsp each of pepper, cumin & fennel seed till it turns light brown and smell emanates. Store in air-tight container.

Mutton/Chicken Saalnaa


  • Mutton/Chicken 250 g – washed and diced
  • Ground-nut oil 75 ml
  • Big Onions – 250 g – finely chopped
  • Tomato -150 g – finely chopped
  • Ginger-garlic paste – 3 tsp
  • Coriander leaves – 1 cup – cleaned and finely chopped
  • Mint leaves – 1 cup – cleaned and finely chopped
  • Coconut scabbing – 50 g
  • Cashew nuts – 3 no
  • Fennel seeds (Sombu) -half tsp
  • Cuscus – half tsp
  • Pepper – 1 tsp
  • Jeera – 2 tsp
  • Red chili powder 2 tsp
  • Coriander Powder – 1 tsp
  • Garam Masala Powder – quarter tsp
  • Turmeric powder – quarter tsp
  • Salt to taste


  • Grind coconut, cashew nuts, sombu and cuscus to a fine paste
  • Grind pepper and jeera into fine paste


  1. Heat groundnut/peanut oil in a pressure cooker, add  1 tsp jeera and allow it to splutter
  2. Add onion, curry leaves and saute for two minutes, then add ginger-garlic paste and saute for 3/5 minutes or till the raw smell goes off
  3. Add tomato pieces, salt  and saute for two minutes
  4. Add mutton/chicken pieces, half of coriander and mint leaves, half quantity of salt, turmeric powder (and half tsp ajinomoto(MSG) -optional). Mix well, add boiling water till the contents get fully immersed, cover the cooker and cook for 5 m or 3 whistles
  5. Remove the cooker from heat and release the pressure.
  6. Heat the contents in the cooker, add red chili and coriander powder, garam masala,  pepper-jeera paste, coconut paste. Mix well, close the cooker and cook for 3 m or one whistle.
  7. Remove from heat, release the pressure, open the lid and add the rest of coriander and mint leaves
  8. Add salt, if needed.

Use this as side dish with Parotta, chappathi, Naan, Dosha, Idiyappam or Aappam


Chicken Kulambu


  • Chicken 500g (1 lb) cut into small pieces
  • garlic 6 cloves, crushed
  • ginger 2 inch piece, crushed
  • turmeric powder 1 tsp
  • coconut – 3/4 cup
  • pepper 3/4 tsp
  • fennel seeds (sombu) 1/2 tsp (for grinding with coconut)
  • cumin seeds (jeera) 1 tsp
  • fennel seeds (sombu) 1 tsp
  • cinnamon 1″
  • cardamom 4
  • cloves 4
  • chili powder 2 tsp
  • coriander powder 2.5 tsp
  • Pearl onions – 1 cup, cut into big pieces
  • Pearl onions – 1/4 cup, cut into thin, small pieces
  • tomato 1/2 cup – cut into fine pieces
  • curry leaves 1/2 cup


o Grind coconut with pepper, fennel (1/2 tsp), cumin into fine paste with adequate water


  1. Boil 6 cups of water in a pot
  2. Add the chicken, the pearl onions that were chopped into big pieces, tomatoes, turmeric, chili powder, coriander powder, little bit of salt, half the crushed ginger
  3. Cook in medium flame till the chicken is cooked; about 10 minutes
  4. Add the rest of the crushed ginger and the rest of the salt
  5. Add the ground coconut-pepper-fennel-cumin paste
  6. Once the gravy starts to boil add the garnish (look below for garnish) and turn off the stove
    • Garnish:
      • Heat 6 tsp of oil in a pan (use half cooking oil and half sesame seed oil for better taste)
      • Add cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, crushed fennel seeds, half the curry leaves to the oil and let it splutter
      • Add the finely chopped pearl onions and try till they start to turn light brown
      • Add the crushed garlic and rest of the curry leaves and pour into the gravy
  7. Once garnished boil the gravy for 2 minutes and then turn off the stove

Note: This dish goes well with rice, idly, dosa, Puri, chappathi, biriyani

Chennai Mutton/Chicken/Vegetable Biriyani


  • big onion 250g – cut into small square pieces
  • tomato 250g – cut into tiny square pieces
  • Mutton 500g
  • Basmati rice 500g
  • ginger 2″
  • garlic gloves 20
  • cinnamon 1″
  • cloves  4
  • cardamom 4
  • brinji leaves 2
  • green chilly 5 -split lengthwise
  • pudina leaves -50 g  cleaned
  • coriander leaves -50 g cleaned
  • chilli powder 2 tsp
  • turmeric powder 0.5 tsp
  • oil & ghee 150 ml
  • salt to taste


o Soak cleaned mutton pieces in 1 cup of thick curd and half tsp turmeric powder for at least 30 minutes.

o  Clean  rice with water and drain the water

o  Grind ginger and  garlic into fine paste


  1. Pour 50 ml of oil in cooker and, when the oil is hot, saute cinnamon, cloves, cardamom, brinji leaves for 1 minute
  2. Put the onion pieces and fry till golden brown
  3. Add ginger-garlic paste and saute for 1 minute
  4. Add tomato pieces and fry well till it mashes and loses its wet flavor
  5. Add mutton-curd mix and fry for 5 minutes in cooker
  6. Add chili, coriander, turmeric powder, half of pudina and coriander leaves and saute for 2 minutes
  7. Add 1.5 vol of water for 1 vol of rice to the cooker and while boiling add rice, stir the contents, cover the cooker and put wait when steam steadily comes out
  8. After one whistle, reduce heat and sim for 10 minutes
  9. After the cooker cools, open the cooker and if water remains, turn the contents till the rice dries up and separates into individual pieces
  10. Garnish with fried-golden brown onion pieces, pudhina and coriander leaves.

Note: 1.The same procedure may be followed for making chicken/vegetable briyani with the following modifications: Marinate,  for at least 30m, 500g of cleaned chicken pieces with ginger-garlic paste, 1 tsp chili powder, quarter tsp garam masala powder, quarter tsp turmeric powder, 1 tsp salt. Fry the chicken pieces in oil till gloden brown in low heat.

For Vegetable Briyani cut into small pieces potato, beans, carrot, cauliflower & other suitable vegetables such as greenpeas.

Sunday Mutton\Chicken\Vegetables Kurma


  • Mutton\Chicken\Mixed vegetables (beans, carrot, potato, green peas, cauliflower, knoolkol, etc)  -250g
  • Grated Coconut – 50 g
  • Green Chillies – 6
  • Sombu (aniseed) – 1 tbsp
  • Cuscus – 1 tbsp
  • onions 2- thinly sliced
  • tomato 2 -sliced
  • ginger 2″ – pounded
  • garlic paste 1 tsp
  • cinnamon 1″
  • cardamom 4 pieces
  • cloves 4 pieces
  • brinji leaves 4 pieces
  • chilli powder  half tsp
  • coriander powder half tsp
  • turmeric powder half tsp
  • salt to taste


o Clean Mutton\Chicken\Mixed vegetables, cut into small pieces and boil with turmeric powder.

o Soak cuscus in warm water for 15m


*Fry green chillies in 2 tsp oil. Add coconut, sombu and cuscus to chillies and grind into fine paste.

*Heat 4 tbsp oil in a pan and fry in low heat cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, brinji leaves. When they splutter add ginger-garlic paste and fry for 30s.

*Add onions and fry till golden brown. Add tomato pieces and fry till it gets mashed.

* Mix chilli, coriander and turmeric powder and salt.
*Add boiled mutton/chicken/mixed vegetables and fry for 1 minute.
*Add coconut paste and sufficient water, curry leaves and boil for 5 minutes.

Note: This gravy goes well with Puri, Idiappam, Aappam, Idli and dosai.

Mogal Mutton Kurma (Salna)


  • Mutton/chicken – 250 g
  • onion – 3 no – thinly sliced
  • tomato – 2 no -sliced
  • coriander leaves – 2 cups- finely chopped
  • green chilies – 3 – slitted lengthwise
  • ginger-garlic paste – 2 tsp
  • cuscus – 2 tsp
  • sombu – 1 tsp
  • jeera – 1 tsp
  • curd 1 cup
  • red chili powder 4 tsp
  • coriander powder 3 tsp
  • turmeric powder half tsp
  • salt to taste
  • oil 6 tsp
  • coconut paste 3 tsp


o Make a paste of cuscus, sombu and jeera

o Clean mutton pieces, add  cuscus paste and all other ingredients, except oil,coriander leaves and coconut paste and mix well.


  1. Heat 6 tsp oil in a kadai and pour the kurma mix into it. Fry for 3 m and add adequate water (6 cups). Cover it with a lid and cook in a very, very slow fire till mutton gets cooked completely.
  2. Add coconut paste, close the lid and cook for 5 m.
  3. Remove from heat, add coriander leaves and serve with idly, dosai, idiyappam, aappam, parotta

Muslim Briyani


  • Basmati rice 4 cup
  • mutton/ chicken  250 grams
  • Big Onion 5 nos – thinly sliced
  • Tomato-5 no – sliced
  • Paste of Garlic 8 no
  • 2” ginger
  • green chilli 4 no
  • pudina 1 cup – finely chopped
  • coriander leaves 3 cups – finely chopped
  • juice of 1 lemon
  • curd 2 cups
  • chili powder 2 tsp
  • cinnamon – 1″  piece
  • cloves – 3 pieces
  • cardamom – 3 pieces


  1. Soak rice for 30 min. In one burner boil water in a container. Add rice and boil for 2 min. Drain the hot water and use it for thum in step 3.
  2. In another burner heat 8 tsp oil in a kadai. When hot fry onion for 1 min, add cinnamon,  cloves and cardamom, green chillies. When onion turns golden brown, add half cooked mutton/chicken. Add salt to taste. Fry for 5 min. Add ginger-garlic paste, chili powder, curd and cook in slow fire,  frequently turning the contents.
  3. Add half-cooked rice to the gravy and mix thoroughly. Cover the container with a plate and place hot water thum over the plate. Cook in very, very slow fire for 10 min.
  4. Remove from fire and add limejuice evenly.

Aattukkaal Paya (Goat Leg Gravy)


  • Goat leg – 4
  • Ginger 2 inch piece
  • Garlic 12 cloves
  • Coconut 100 grams
  • Cashews 10
  • Fennel 2 tsp
  • Khas Khas 4 tsp
  • Green chilies 8
  • Turmeric powder 2 tsp
  • Onion 250 grams finely chopped
  • Tomatoes 50 grams
  • Cinnamon stick 1
  • Cardamoms 5
  • Cloves 5
  • Curry leaves 1
  • Cilantro


  1. Heat the goat legs over open flame to burn off the hair. Clean with water and cut into pieces
  2. Cook the goat leg pieces in a pressure cooker with turmeric powder, crushed ginger, 6 garlic cloves crushed, and enough water. Make sure the meat is fully cooked – the meat must be separating from the bone
  3. Heat oil in a pan and fry green 5 chilies
  4. Grind the coconut, cashews, fennel, and the fried green chilies into fine paste and add to the boiled meat
  5. Put oil in a pan and fry cinnamon, clove, cardamons, 2 garlic cloves chopped, onion, 3 green chilies slit lengthwise, and saute till the onions turn golden brown
  6. Add the mutton and spice mix from step 4 and cook for 5 more minutes
  7. Garnish with curry leaves and cilantro

Mutton Rasam/Soup


  • Mutton stock
  • Tamarind paste 1 tbsp
  • Black pepper 1 tsp
  • Garlic 2 cloves paste
  • Cumin 11/2 tsp
  • Turmeric powder 1 pinch
  • Tomato 1
  • Mustard seeds 1 tsp
  • Urad dal 1 tsp
  • Onion 1/2 chopped
  • Curry leaves


  1. Dissolve the tamarind paste in 1 cup water
  2. Grind the pepper, garlic, and cumin into paste and add the paste, salt, and turmeric powder to the tamarind water
  3. Crush the tomato into the mix
  4. In a pan heat 2 tsp oil and fry the mustard seeds, urad dal, chopped onions, and curry leaves.
  5. When the onions turn golden brown pour in the mix from step 3
  6. When it starts to boil turn off the stove and add the mutton stock
  7. Garnish with cilantro

Meatball Fry


  • Mutton 500 grams (1 lb) boneless minced
  • Fennel 2 tsp
  • Red chilies 10
  • Roasted split chick peas 1½ cup
  • Cinnamon 1 cm stick
  • Cloves 1
  • Coconut 1 cup
  • Pearl onions 1 cup
  • Curry leaves – chopped


  1. Wash the minced mutton and drain all the water from it
  2. Grind fennel seeds, roasted split chick peas, red chilies, cinnamon, and cloves into fine powder
  3. Grind the coconut into paste and then add the pearl onions and grind again
  4. Mix the meat, powder, and paste with ½ tsp red chili powder, ½ tsp coriander powder, 2 pinches turmeric powder, salt, curry leaves. Mix well and make into 2 inch diameter balls
  5. Fry the meatballs in oil till golden brown

Note 1: The meatballs don’t absorb oil when fried, so a lot of oil is not needed to fry
Note 2: Don’t add water when making the paste or else the meatballs will break up when frying